Q: Why is it necessary for a Ben Noach to go through a formal process? Does formal status matter at all to the Holy One, Blessed be He?
Q: Why is it necessary for a Ben Noach to go through a formal process of “conversion”? Is there any difference in essence between a Jew and an idol worshipper except for the fact that Israel experienced Divine revelation? Does the formal status of a person matter at all to the Holy One, Blessed be He?
A: A Ben Noach must go through a formal process of accepting his or her status in front of a Beit Din (a halachic court) in order to become transformed from a person who performs good deeds “without being commanded to do them” into one who performs them “in response to a command.” This transforms the deeds into acts of clinging to God and not merely acts related to moral perfection.