Your email contains great few questions; thanks for sending me.
1. keeping Shabbat for Noahide.
Twice God demands us to observe the Shabbat. Every time there is a difference in the exact command:
A. In exodus 20 (verses 8 - 11), God asks us toremember Shabbat (in a positive way).
The reason is: "For [in] six days the Lord made the heaven and the earth, the sea and all that is in them, and He rested on the seventh day. Therefore, the Lord blessed the Sabbath day and sanctified it."
It's related to all humankind.
B. In Deuteronomy 5 (verses 12 - 15), God asks us to keep the Shabbat (in a passive way - not to do some actions).
The reason is different from Exodus: "And you shall remember that you were a slave in the land of Egypt and that the Lord your God took you out from there with a strong hand and with an outstretched arm; therefore, the Lord, your God, commanded you to observe the Sabbath day."
It's related to the Hebrews nationally only, who were redeemed from Egypt.
This brings an exciting debate between the Hebrew sages and how to read Maimonides.
We hold that Noahide has permission to keep full Shabbat. On the other side, we do not recommend this behavior at all. Think about someone who lives in a place without any Hebrew people. Would he be able to keep Shabbat properly? Not!
What yes? Light candles on Friday nightto rememberthat God created our world in six days, and here he stopped. Do a nice meal with your family without electronic devices, and learn from the Hebrew Bible.Those things mentionremembering Shabbat as a holy day.
2. What Rabbi to follow?
This is a huge question, and it's not the right thing to 'jump' to the Rabbi who is more convenient for a specific question.
"Considering this, when a person acts ethically towards others, it raises a profound emotional question: Does their behavior reflect a genuine belief in the idea that we are all creations of the same Creator?
In essence, a person's conduct as a human being, as a living soul, becomes a mirror of their beliefs. The verse's deeper message becomes evident: why should one behave in a way that embodies "love your neighbor as yourself"? As the verse continues, the reason becomes clear: "I am God." The commandment originates from the Creator, the giver of life, to both us and our fellow human beings.
In contemplating this perspective, a natural emotional response arises. Our actions toward others become not only a demonstration of our faith but also an acknowledgment of our emotional connection to every individual as fellow creations of the same divine force. This emotional resonance underscores the profound significance of ethical behavior in fostering empathy, compassion, and a sense of unity among us."
Discover the profound mysteries of existence through the works of Maimonides and Rabbi Yehuda Halevi in this captivating article. Explore Maimonides' rational inquiry into the existence of God and Rabbi Yehuda Halevi's historical testimonies, and uncover the interplay of faith and reason in their philosophies. Delve into the wisdom of the Torah as you unravel the enigmatic tapestry of divine existence, embarking on a transformative journey of heart and soul.