Pesach: doing mitzvot

Q: Noahide performance of mitzvot: Pesach and first prayers to be learned.

Q: Can Noahides celebrate Pesach? If so, what should they do? It will be good to have a brief summary that we can publish before Pesach. A: Noahides can celebrate Pesach as a holiday of freedom for all humanity that was revealed by the redemption of Israel from Egypt. They can perform a Pesach Seder with all of the rituals except: (1) There should be no Afikoman (the final piece of matza eaten in memory of the Pesach sacrifice). (2) No blessings should be recited which include the phrase, “He who sanctified us with His mitzvot and commanded us…” (3) The phrase “our fathers” should be replaced by “the fathers of Israel” or “the nation of Israel”.

Q: With respect to the above: What should a Noahide do about the blessings that include the phrase “He who sanctified us”? Should he skip them or recite a modified version? A: Skip them.

Q: What prayers are recommended for a Noahide, or at least what should be the first ones that they begin to recite? A: The first blessing of the Grace after Meals; Modeh Ani (“I thank You…”) – recited as soon as one wakes up in the morning; Psalms; Shema Yisrael (“Hear, O Israel”); A parallel form of the Amidah prayer which includes praise, requests, and thanks.
Q: About Shema Yisrael – Should the blessings be recited or not? Should all three paragraphs of the Shema be recited, including the last one, about Tzitzit? A: Everything can be said except in the third blessing, the mention of “our fathers” and the phrase “You redeemed us from Egypt.”
Q: Must the prayer be completely parallel to the Amidah? Can the text be freely chosen? A: It is not required to be the same as the Amidah, but it may be similar. The Jewish Siddur can be a source of inspiration for this prayer.

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