Q: Can a Noahide be called to the Torah as part of the regular prayers?
Q: Can a Noahide be called to the Torah as part of the regular prayers? Can this at least be for the portions of Bereishit and Noach, which are specifically relevant for Noahides?
A: Rabbi Chaim Richman: In a Noahide community that we established in Texas several years ago, about 60 families meet every Shabbat and read the English translation of the weekly portion from a printed Artscroll text of the Torah. A “gabbai” (sexton) calls seven men and each one reads a section of the portion out loud. Before reading, each one recites the following blessing, which I wrote for them:
Rav Cherki adds in clarification: A Noahide cannot be called to the Torah for several reasons: (1) The obligation of the Jewish participants will not be fulfilled. (2) A Ben Noch cannot say the blessing, “He who chose us from the other nations and gave us His Torah.” (3) This may be included in the ruling of the Radbaz that a Noahide is not allowed to observe the commandments related to a Torah scroll.
However, Noahides can read in their own community in a proper way after they have declared to a Bet Din that they accept the Seven Mitzvot.